In the past when I’ve wanted to explore production data for a Heroku-hosted Ruby on Rails app, I’ve primarily used heroku console and rake tasks. Each method has limitations though: heroku console makes easy to answer simple questions about your data, but makes it difficult to perform complicated analyses that take more than a few lines of code. Rake tasks let you perform complex analyses, but make it difficult to explore data because each time you tweak your task to do something new, you need to commit, push to production, run the task, and wait for it to execute. Neither option makes it easy to quickly explore the data.
Wouldn’t it be nice if you could quickly query your database and explore the results?
Fortunately there is a way using a combination of Heroku’s
pg:pull feature and a Mac app called SQLPro for Postgres. Here’s how it works:
Step 1: Pull your production data into a local Postgres database
Heroku makes this fairly easy using the pg:pull command:
$ heroku pg:pull HEROKU_POSTGRESQL_MAGENTA mylocaldb --app sushi
mylocaldb is the name of a local Postgres database,
sushi is the name of your Heroku app, and
HEROKU_POSTGRESQL_MAGENT is the name of your database which you can obtain by running:
$ heroku pg:info -a sushi
If your local Postgres instance requires a user name and password, you can provide them via the command line as well:
$ PGUSER=postgres PGPASSWORD=password heroku pg:pull HEROKU_POSTGRESQL_MAGENTA mylocaldb --app sushi
In order for this command to work,
mylocaldb can’t exist when you run this command. To delete it beforehand, you can run:
$ dropdb mylocaldb
For my own workflow combine them and use a Bash alias to make it easier to run:
alias prdb="dropdb preceden_production_copy; PGUSER=postgres PGPASSWORD=password heroku pg:pull
HEROKU_POSTGRESQL_MAGENTApreceden_production_copy --app sushi"
Then I can just run
prdb (my short hand for “Preceden Database”) from the command line to drop the old copy and grab the latest production data:
$ prdb heroku-cli: Pulling postgresql-infinite-32999 ---> preceden_production_copy pg_dump: last built-in OID is 16383 pg_dump: reading extensions ...
Step 2: Explore the data using SQLPro for Postgres
SQLPro for Postgres is a fantastic Mac app for exploring Postgres databases. You can also query the data other ways but for quickly exploring, querying, and exporting the data, SQLPro for Postgres is hard to beat.
Here’s what the UI looks like along with an example query to display the first 10 people to sign up:
In future posts we’ll see how to query Postgres with R to analyze the data and gain insights about how people use our products.
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Update: check out the follow up post, How to Schedule Cloning your Heroku Postgres Database Locally.